Chamaerops humilis

GENERAL STATEMENT OF SPECIES

European fan palm, Mediterranean fan palm, Dwarf fan palm.

DESCRIPTION

CULTURE

GENERAL STATEMENT OF SPECIES

Chamaerops humilis L. 
European fan palm, Mediterranean fan palm, Dwarf fan palm.
Western Mediterranean countries.
Very common

DESCRIPTION

Several trunks
Palmate
Less than 6 m.
Yes
Less than 6 m.
No
Less than 15 cm.
Dioicous plants

CULTURE

- 10ºC
All types
Medium
Light
Pleno sol
Not recommendable
High
Yes
High
Low difficulty
High

Of the almost 2,800 botanical species known today it is the palm found furthest up north.

In its natural habitat it looks like a stunted bush due to the extreme conditions it usually has to grow in. However, when planted in a nursery it can easily reach over 3 or 4 metres and form spectacular groups made up of several trunks.

It is perfectly tolerant of conditions near the sea, drought or salinity and is not demanding as far as the quality of the soil is concerned.

Its growth patterns are very varied, i.e. the thickness of its trunk, colour of its leaves and so on. var. cerifera originates in the Moroccan Atlas Range and has bluish leaves, var. vulcano from southern Italy is much more compact with meder leaves, var. gracilis has leaves which are very divided and there are other varieties too.